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Cleaner solvents for sustainable chemistry

Projets De Recherche

Horizon 2020


Reference: H2020-LC-BAT-5-2019 – project n°875568 – Jan 1st, 2020 – Dec 31st, 2023

Project title: Cobalt-free Batteries for FutuRe Automotive Applications.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

Cobalt is necessary for the production of the most common types of lithium-ion batteries (Li-ion), like the rechargeable ones used to power our portable electronic devices and electric vehicles. The transition to electric mobility is widening the gap between supply and demand and increasing the price of cobalt. However, substitution of cobalt in Li-ion batteries, although possible, has not taken place. The EU-funded COBRA project aims to reverse this situation. It is developing a cobalt-free cathode with the participation of three universities and seven research and technology organisations as well as four SMEs and five enterprises, covering the entire value chain of the EU battery industry.


Contacts: R. Lin and S. Fantini (



Reference: H2020-LC-BAT-5-2019 – project n°875527 – May 1st, 2020 – August 31st, 2024

Project title: Hybrid power-energy electrodes for next generation lithium-ion batteries                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

Next-generation lithium-ion batteries

Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are an advanced battery technology that are used in a wide range of products including personal electronics and electric vehicles. They are also a key enabling technology in emerging markets like grid-scale renewable energy integration and aerospace. To ensure the continued success of these markets, new innovations in Li-ion battery technology are needed to improve performance and reduce the reliance on critical raw materials. The EU-funded Hydra project aims to develop a new generation of Li-ion technology that uses sustainable materials to improve the energy, power, and cost of the battery. The project will combine novel materials and environmentally friendly manufacturing techniques with pilot-scale cell manufacturing to develop high-energy batteries with long lifetime. Moreover, it will build a synergy with strong investments by the project’s industrial partners, aiming to retain a significant market share for Europe.


Contacts: R. Lin and S. Fantini (



Reference: H2020-LC-BAT-1-2019 – project n°875557 – Jan 1st, 2020 – Dec 31st, 2023

Project title: Liquid-Processed Solid-State Li-metal Battery: Development of upscale materials, processes and architectures.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

Sustainable batteries with ultra-high performances and smart functionalities will play a critical role in powering Europe’s transition from fossil fuels to renewable energies. Conventional lithium-ion batteries utilise a liquid electrolyte. Solid-state lithium-ion batteries, or lithium-metal solid-state batteries, use a solid electrolyte and lithium metal as the battery anode. These are garnering increasing attention for their promise of low cost, high performance and enhanced safety, yet they are far from achieving commercial viability. The EU-funded SOLiDIFY project is developing materials and manufacturing processes to bring their novel liquid-processed solid-state fabrication technology to fruition. Iwill enable successful integration of their solid nanocomposite electrolyte and fabrication of a new generation of lithium-metal solid-state batteries with Europe leading the charge.


Contacts: R. Lin and S. Fantini (


Reference: H2020-LC-BAT-5-2019 – project n°875548 – Start: 01/01/2020 End: 01/01/2024

Project title: Lithium-ion battery with silicon anode, nickel-rich cathode and in-cell sensor for electric vehicles
Target: The SeNSE project aims at enabling next generation lithium-ion batteries with a silicon-graphite composite anode and a nickel-rich NMC cathode to reach 750 Wh/L.

Lithium-ion batteries are the most popular power sources for future transportation. Extending the driving range and enabling fast charging are key for promoting the adoption of electric vehicles. The EU-funded SeNSE project aims to create next-generation lithium-ion batteries with a silicon-graphite composite anode and a nickel-rich NMC cathode to reach a volumetric energy density of 750 Wh/l. The new battery will also provide a battery management system couped to dynamic in-cell sensors to enable faster charging, improved sustainability and recyclability, and reduced production costs.


Contact : R. Lin & S. Fantini (


Reference: H2020-FETOPEN-01-2018-2019-2020 – project n°863222 – Start: 01/01/2020 End: 12/31/2023

Project title: Solid-liquid thermoelectric systems with uncorrelated properties.
Target: A powerful factor for enhanced thermoelectric power generation.

Thermoelectrics, which can be used to recover energy from waste heat, is a niche technology with considerable growth potential that is limited by low efficiency. To improve the efficiency of thermal to electrical energy conversion, the EU-funded UncorrelaTEd project will develop a new paradigm involving a properly designed hybrid system. This system is formed by a porous thermoelectric solid permeated by a liquid electrolyte that is already showing great promise with unprecedented improvements in power factor. Project outcomes will enable thermoelectric technology to be implemented in numerous areas, such as the realm of self-powered sensors. Realisation will reduce the demand for batteries, textiles, factories, power plants and combustion engines that have a high carbon footprint.


Contact : R. Lin & S. Fantini (


POLYSTORAGE : Start: 11/01/2019 End: 10/31/2023.POLY

Reference: H2020-MSCA-ITN-2019 – project n° 860403
Project title: European training network in innovative polymers for next-generation electrochemical energy storage.
Target: POLYSTORAGE ETN aims to develop high quality training opportunities in the area of “Polymers for Next Generation Electrochemical Energy Storage”.

Solvionic is a partner organisation of the project. The objective is to train materials scientists who will be the future leaders to face some of the upcoming European energy and environmental challenges. Well-balanced combination of fundamental and basic material & polymer science with applied research in advanced energy storage devices is a key aspect of this training network. A comprehensive training programme has been designed at two levels including local activities such as enrolment in PhD programmes, local courses, etc, and network-wide activities such as sectorial secondments, 6 workshops, 2 schools and one final conference. The goal is to exploit the high number of potential synergies between innovative polymers and next generation energy storage technologies such as post-lithium batteries, redox flow batteries, and all-polymer batteries. The industrial participants will have an active participation in the training activities and exploitation of the project results..


Contact : R. Lin & S. Fantini (

Si-DRIVE : Start: 01/01/2019 End: 01/31/2023.Si-drive

Reference: H2020-NMBP-30-2018 – project n°814464
Project title: Silicon alloying anodes for high energy density batteries comprising lithium rich cathodes and safe ionic liquid-based electrolytes for enhanced high voltage performance.
Target: Si-DRIVE focuses on the development of next generation Li-ion batteries based on Ionic Liquids solid electrolyte, silicon anode and cobalt-free cathode.

Si-DRIVE will develop the next generation of rechargeable Li-ion batteries, allowing for cost competitive mass market EVs by transformative materials and cell chemistry innovations, delivering enhanced safety with superior energy density, cycle life and fast charging capability using sustainable and recyclable components. The technology encompasses amorphous Si coated onto a conductive copper silicide network as the anode with polymer/ionic liquid electrolytes and Li-rich high voltage (Co-free) cathodes via processes that are scalable and demonstrably manufacturable within Europe. The components have been demonstrated at TRL3 through preliminary lab-scale analysis, with a clear component improvement strategy to arrive at a TRL5 prototype demonstration by the end of Si-DRIVE. Comprehensive theoretical and experimental studies will probe and control interfacial processes that have heretofore limited Li-ion technologies to incremental gains, guiding materials design and eliminating capacity fade mechanisms. The Si-DRIVE technology will exceed the stringent demands of EV batteries where safety is paramount, by dramatically improving each component within the accepted Li-ion platform and achieving this in a market competitive process with whole of life considerations. The technology will also demonstrate suitability for second life applications at reduced energy density beyond the primary EV lifetime, prior to cost effective materials recycling, consistent with a circular economy. The Si-DRIVE consortium boasts the required academic and industrial partner expertise to deliver this technology and spans material design and synthesis, electrochemical testing, prototype formation and production method validation, life cycle assessment and recycling process development.

Website:  coming soon

Contact : R. Lin & S. Fantini (


MAGENTA : Start: 01/01/2017 End: 12/31/2020.
Reference: H2020-FETPROACT-2016 – project n°731976
Project title: MAGnetic nanoparticle based liquid Energy materials for Thermoelectric device Applications
Target: “MAGENTA proposes a brand new technological technology path in thermoelectric materials research for waste-heat recovery applications.”

Today, much of world’s consumed energy is lost to waste heat through all levels of human activity. For example, thermal loss consists 20 to 50 % of total energy consumption across different industrial sectors and as high as 60-70% in current gasoline and/or diesel powered. If even a small fraction of ‘waste-heat’ could be converted into more useful forms of energy (e.g., electrical, mechanical, etc.), it would result in tremendous savings to global energy consumption.

In the MAGENTA H2020 project we are developing brand new thermoelectric materials based on ionic ferrofluids; i.e., colloidal dispersions of magnetic nanoparticles in ionic liquids. It is an inter-disciplinary and cross-sector R&D project combining concepts and techniques from physics, chemistry and electrochemistry with an active participation from industrial partners. As its final products, MAGENTA will offer novel liquid thermoelectric materials that are versatile, cost-effective and non-toxic to assist the economically and environmentally sustainable energy transition in Europe.

MAGENTA H2020 proposes a brand new technological path in thermoelectric materials research for waste-heat recovery applications. The originality of the project is based on the newly discovered thermal-to-electric energy conversion capacity of ionic-liquids and ferrofluids; i.e., colloidal dispersions of magnetic nanoparticles in ionic liquids (IL-FFs). It is an inter- disciplinary and cross-sector R&D project combining concepts and techniques from physics, chemistry and electrochemistry with an active participation from 3 SME and 1 industrial partners implicated in the materials supply-chain, the device design/ performance and the market-uptake assessment.

Both experimental and theoretical approaches will be employed to build foundational knowledge on novel magneto-thermoelectric phenomena in ferrofluids. Computational simulations will allow ‘bottom-up’ construction of IL-FFs with optimal conditions for harvesting energy. The end-products of MAGENTA, application specific magneto-thermoelectric materials and devices, will provide innovation leadership to European companies in waste- heat recovery industries. The lead-user industries targeted by MAGENTA are automobile and microelectronic sectors, but demonstration-type thermoelectric generators will also be produced for public outreach actions on waste-heat recovery technologies.

Through its foundational, interdisciplinary and cross-sector research & innovation actions, the consortium will become a “seed community” for building an innovation ecosystem around the novel magneto-thermoelectric technology, presenting long-term impacts on future renewal energy science and technology from which the society as a whole can benefit. Withal, MAGENTA offers breakthrough thermoelectric materials that are versatile, cost-effective and non-toxic to assist the economically and environmentally sustainable energy transition in Europe.


Contact : S. Fantini (


  • HELIS : Start : 06/01/2015  End : 05/31/2019.
    Reference: H2020-NMP-GV-2014 – project n°666221
    Project title : High energy lithium sulphur cells and batteries
    Target : “HELIS (High energy lithium sulphur cells and batteries) focuses on the development Lithium-Sulphur cells. They will be tested according to automotive specifications.”
    Lithium sulphur batteries (LSB) are viable candidates for commercialization among all post Li-ion battery technologies thanks to their high theoretical energy density and cost effectiveness. Despites many efforts, there are remaining issues that need to be solved and this will provide final direction of LSB technological development. Some of technological aspects, like development of host matrices, interactions of host matrix with polysulphides and interactions between sulphur and electrolyte have been successfully developed within Eurolis project. Open porosity of the cathode, interactions between host matrices and polysulphides and proper solvatation of polysulphides turned to be important for complete utilization of sulphur. Additionally we showed that effective separation between electrodes enables stable cycling with excellent coulombic efficiency. The remaining issues are mainly connected with a stability of lithium anode during cycling, with engineering of complete cell and with questions about LSB cells implementation into commercial products (ageing, safety, recycling, battery packs). Instability of lithium metal in most of conventional electrolytes and formation of dendrites due to uneven distribution of lithium upon the deposition cause several difficulties. Safety problems connected with dendrites and low coulombic efficiency with a constant increase of inner resistance due to electrolyte degradation represent main technological challenges. From this point of view, stabilization of lithium metal will have an impact on safety issues. Stabilized interface layer is important in view of engineering of cathode composite and separator porosity since this is important parameter for electrolyte accommodation and volume expansion adjustment. Finally the mechanism of LSB ageing can determine the practical applicability of LSB in different applications.
    Contact : S. Fantini (


  • ALION : Start : 06/01/2015  End : 05/31/2019.
    Reference: H2020-NMP-2014  - two-stage – project n°646286
    Project title : High Specific Energy Aluminium-ion rechargable decentralised electricity generation sources.
    Target : “ALION (High Specific Energy Aluminium-ion rechargable decentralised electricity generation sources) focuses on the development of Al-ion battery technology for energy storage application in decentralized electricity generation sources.”
    High Specific Energy Aluminium-ion rechargable decentralised electricity generation sources (ALION)
    The overall objective of the ALION project is to develop aluminium-ion battery technology for energy storage application in decentralised electricity generation sources. ALION pursues an integral approach comprising electroactive materials based on “rocking chair” mechanism, robust ionic liquid-based electrolytes as well as novel cell and battery concepts, finally resulting in a technology with much lower cost, improved performance, safety and reliability with respect to current energy storage solutions (e.g. Pumped hydro storage, Compressed air energy storage, Li-ion battery, Redox Flow Battery…).
    The project covers the whole value chain from materials and component manufacturers, battery assembler, until the technology validation in specific electric microgrid system including renewable energy source (i.e. mini wind turbine, photovoltaic system…). Thus, the final objective of this project is to obtain an Al-ion battery module validated in a relevant environment, with a specific energy of 400 W.h/kg, a voltage of 48V and a cycle life of 3000 cycles. The Project is funded by European Commission with GA: 646286, led by LEITAT and involves 13 partners from all across Europe.
    Website :
    Contact : R. Lin (


  • ALISE : Start : 06/01/2015  End : 05/31/2019.
    Reference: H2020-NMP-GV-2014 – project n°666157
    Project title : Advance Lithium Sulphur Batteries for Hybrid Electric Vehicle
    Target : “ALISE (Advance Lithium Sulphur Batteries for Hybrid Electric Vehicle) focuses on the development and commercial scale-up of new materials and on the understanding of the electrochemical processes involved in Lithium Sulphur Batteries”
    ALISE is an European collaboration focused on the development and commercial scale-up of new materials and on the understanding of the electrochemical processes involved in the lithium sulphur technology. It aims to create impact by developing innovative battery technology capable of fulfilling the expected characteristics of European Automotive Industry needs, European Materials Roadmap, Social factors from vehicle consumers and future competitiveness trends and European Companies positioning. The project is focused on achieving 500Wh/Kg in a stable LiS cell.
    The project involves dedicated durability, testing and LCA activities that will make sure the safety and adequate cyclability of battery being developed and available at competitive cost. Initial materials research will be scaled up during the project so that pilot scale quantities of the new materials will be introduced into the novel cell designs thus contributing advancements to the current state of the art.
    The project approach will bring real breakthrough regarding new components, cell integration and architecture associated. New materials will be developed and optimized regarding anode, cathode, electrolyte and separator. Complete panels of specific tools and modeling associated will be developed from the unit cell to the batteries pack. Activities are focused on the elaboration of new materials and processes at TRL4.
    Demonstration of the lithium sulphur technology will be up to battery pack level with validation onboard. Validation of prototype (17kWh) with its corresponding driving range (100km) will be done on circuit. ALISE is more than a linear bottom-up approach from materials to cell. ALISE shows strong resources to achieve a stable unit cell, with a supplementary top-down approach from the final application to the optimization of the unit cell.
    Contact : R. Lin (


Seventh Framework Program (FP7)

  • INFLUENCE : Start : 09/01/2013  End : 08/31/2016.
    Reference: FP7-ENERGY – project n°608621
    Project title : Interfaces of Fluid Electrodes: New Conceptual Explorations
    Target : “The FP7 project Influence aims at improving the fundamental understanding and control of interfaces of a battery type based on Li-ion and Na-ion active materials: semi solid flow batteries (SSFB)”
    Website :
    Contact : S. Fantini ( 

  • MAT4BAT:  Start : 09/01/2013  End : 02/28/2017
    Reference : FP7-GC-MATERIALS – project n°608931
    Project title : Advanced Materials for Batteries
    Target : “MAT4BAT builds-up its EVs battery strategy on advanced materials and pilot line processes, proposing three novel concepts of cells initiating from a state-of-the art combination of cell materials”
    Website :
    Contact : R. Lin (

  • INTERACT : Start : 09/01/2013  End : 02/28/2017
    Reference : FP7-ENERGY – project n°608535
    Project title : InnovaTive Enzymes and Poly(Ionic Liquids) Based Membranes as CO2 Capture Technology.
    Target : “The general concept of INTERACT is to open new pathways for development of high-potential novel processes for post combustion CO2 capture based on new materials, using poly(ionic liquid)s and/or enzymes, integrated into gas separation technologies such as gas separation membranes, absorption in columns and absorption using membrane contactors, resulting in process intensification”
    Site web:
    Contact : S. Fantini ( 

  • MARS-EV : Start : 10/01/2013 End : 09/30/2017
    Reference : FP7-GC-MATERIALS – project n°609201
    Project title : Materials for Ageing Resistant Li-ion High Energy Storage for the Electric Vehicle
    Target : “MARS-EV aims to overcome the ageing phenomenon in Li-ion cells by focusing on the development of high-energy electrode materials via sustainable scaled-up synthesis and safe electrolyte systems with improved cycle life”
    Website :
    Contact : R. Lin ( 

  • COLABATS : Start : 01/10/2013  End : 09/30/2016
    Reference : FP7-ENV – project n°609201
    Project title : Cobalt and Lanthanide Recovery from Batteries
    Target : “The COLABATS project will provide new industrial processes for the recycling of the critical metals Cobalt and Lanthanides and key economic metals Nickel and Lithium, from waste batteries, significantly improving recycling efficiencies and metal purity from existing recovery routes”
    Contact : S. Fantini (

  • EUROLIS : Start: 01/10/2012  End : 09/30/2016
    Reference : FP7-GC-MATERIALS – project n°314515
    Project title : Advanced European Lithium Sulphur Cells for Automotive Applications
    Target : “The aim of the project is to develop an advanced and sustainable lithium sulphur (Li-S) battery for automotive use”
    Site web:
    Contact : S. Fantini (


Eurostars Projects 

  • MIFLOW : Début: 01/04/2012 Fin : 31/03/2014
    Reference : EUROSTARS – project n°E!6805
    Project Title : Microwave Assisted Flow Reactor
    Target : “Miflow will develop a novel microwave assisted flow reactor to allow scale-up of reactions with minimum process development and giving significant energy savings. The reactor concept will be proved by testing with novel ionic liquid reactions tailored from a range of end-user specific processes ”
    Contact : S. Fantini (


ANR Projects

ISICAP : Start : 01/01/2013  End : 12/31/2015
   Reference : ANR-SIMI9 – project n°12-BS09-0032-01
   Project : In-situ Nanostructured Si-based Supercapacitors
   Target : “The ISICAP project aims to establish new concepts and architectures for on-chip supercapacitors”  Contact : R. Lin (