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Cleaner solvents for sustainable chemistry

Publication : Energy Conversion and Storage

Capacitive Energy Storage from −50 to 100 °C Using an Ionic Liquid

Rongying Lin, Pierre-Louis Taberna, Sébastien Fantini, Volker Presser, Carlos R. Pérez, François Malbosc, Nalin L. Rupesinghe, Kenneth B. K. Teo, Yury Gogotsi, and Patrice Simon

J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 2011, 2 (19), pp 2396–2401

Relying on redox reactions, most batteries are limited in their ability to operate at very low or very high temperatures. While performance of electrochemical capacitors is less dependent on the temperature, present-day devices still cannot cover the entire range needed for automotive and electronics applications under a variety of environmental conditions. We show that the right combination of the exohedral nanostructured carbon (nanotubes and onions) electrode and a eutectic mixture of ionic liquids can dramatically extend the temperature range of electrical energy storage, thus defying the conventional wisdom that ionic liquids can only be used as electrolytes above room temperature. We demonstrate electrical double layer capacitors able to operate from −50 to 100 °C over a wide voltage window (up to 3.7 V) and at very high charge/discharge rates of up to 20 V/s.

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